• Unrecognized states
  • Independence declared 23 July 1992
  • Capital Sukhumi
  • Population 240.705
  • Area 8660 km²

Abkhazia lies on the eastern coast of the Black Sea, flanked by Russia to the North and Georgia to the South. In 1992, after the U.S.S.R began to fall apart, a war broke out between Georgia and separatists from Abkhazia. With help from the Russian federation, Abkhazia declared its independence in 1992. However, it was only after Abkhaz forces fought against Georgian forces during the Russo-Georgian War in 2008 that the country was formally recognized by Russia. It is also recognized as an independent state by the UN member states Venezuela, Nicaragua, Syria and Nauru, and by the unrecognized states of South Ossetia, Transnistria and Nagorno-Karabakh. The Parliament of Georgia still considers Abkhazia as an autonomous republic within its territory, occupied by Russian forces.